Mazafati Dates: Origin, Appearance, Benefits & Culinary Uses

Mazafati Dates: Origin, Appearance, Benefits & Culinary Uses

Mazafati date has a distinct texture, flavour, and nutritional content. Mazafati dates, also commonly known as “Bam dates” because of their origin in the city of Bam in Iran’s Kerman region, are cultivated in Iran. They are also known as Rotab dates.

They are a premium variety of date widely praised for their buttery texture and rich, caramel flavour along with their dark and soft texture. They are widely used in traditional Iranian cooking. 

Due to their higher water content compared to other date varieties, Mazafati dates are often regarded as among the best-tasting in the world.

This date is more accurately referred to as Mazafati Rotab since that is how it is traditionally kept in cold storage. Listed below are some of the reasons why you should incorporate Mazafati dates into your diet.

Origin, Geographical Presence and Seasonal Availability

In Islam, dates represent several important concepts and values. They are referenced several times in the Quran, and it is said that the Prophet Muhammad would eat them and drink water to break his fast in the month of Ramadan.

Mazafati date is mostly cultivated in the southern Iranian cities of Bam, Jiroft, Kahnuj (in the province of Kerman), Saravan, Nikshahr, Haji Abad, and Iranshahr (in the province of Sistan-o-Baluchestan), and in the northern Pakistani cities of Panjgur, Parom, and Buleda. They are also known as Rotab or Kimmia dates.

Although, the southern province of Kerman, namely the city of Bam, is where the majority of Iran’s Mazafati dates are produced, as the lush soil and hot, dry environment of this area make it perfect for growing premium dates.

The dates industry in Iran is vital to the country’s agricultural output and economy. It is believed that twenty per cent of the dates exported from Iran are Mazafati dates. Every year, the land produces about 120,000 tons. Dates from a Mazafati palm tree may be harvested for more than 60 years.

Harvesting Mazafati dates requires a climb up a tall palm tree at the end of the summer. The dates are then prepared for delivery by being washed, sorted, and packed. Due to their rising popularity, Mazafati dates are now exported to numerous locations outside of Israel, including the Americas, Europe, and Asia.

Seasonal availability

Production of Mazafati dates begins in early August and continues until the end of October.

Type of Mazafati dates

There are 3 popular types of Mazafati dates.

  1. Fresh Mazafati dates: It has a high humidity percentage and is also known as Rotab dates. It has around 25-35% moisture content.
  2. Semi-dried Mazafati dates: It has around 20-25% moisture content.
  3. Dried Mazafati dates: It has 16% moisture content.

Characteristics of Mazafati Khajoor

Appearance & Texture

Mazafati dates - origin - texture - taste - price - culinary benefits - nutritional benefits

Fresh Mazafati dates are a deep brown to nearly black in hue. This date is red when it first reaches maturity, then it turns black.

Mazafati dates range in size from around 2.5 cm to about 4.5 cm. Their size depends on factors such as climate, variety, and production practices.

They have a somewhat oily feel. Unlike other types of dates, Mazafati dates have a distinct texture that is soft, moist, and chewy.

It’s oval in shape and feels soft and squishy to the touch. The dark brown skin gives the impression of more moisture, and the flesh itself seems juicier and softer than its skin.

Flavour

The flavour of Mazafati dates is rich and deep with traces of honey and molasses. Because of its deep and delicious taste, Mazafati dates are sometimes referred to as the “chocolate” of dates.

They have a subtle, luxurious flavour that hints towards caramel. Their caramel-like flavour makes them a popular ingredient in many sweets, including date pastes, syrups, and chocolates.

Moisture content

Mazafati dates tend to have a high moisture content of up to 35%.

Nutritional Values in Mazafati Dates

Mazafati dates are a good source of vitamin B6 and potassium, two minerals crucial to maintaining healthy brain function. The vitamin B in them also provides a nice boost of energy throughout the day.

Nutritional value per 100 gms of mazafati dates
Energy286 cal
Carbs71 g
Sugar57 g
Dietary Fiber10 g
Protein0 g
Fat0 g

Culinary Uses of Mazafati Khajur

Culinary Uses of Mazafati Dates

Due to their distinct flavour and beneficial properties, Mazafati dates have recently exploded in popularity around the globe. The sweet and versatile date can be eaten on its own as a super healthy snack, combined with other nuts for inclusion in the diet paired with a glass of milk.

During the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, Mazafati dates are a popular snack or dessert at celebrations and holidays in Iran, since they are a halal dish that is deemed pure according to Islamic dietary requirements.

These dates are highly prized and commonly used as a snack and an ingredient in various meals and sweets across the Arabian Peninsula, such as to produce date pastes and syrups, which are stapled ingredients in many traditional Middle Eastern delicacies as well as a natural sweetener in Arabic coffee and tea.

Mazafati khajur can be added to a variety of savoury dishes, such as lamb stews, and rice dishes. They add a touch of sweetness and richness to dishes, and they also help to bind the ingredients together. Additionally, they can be pureed and used to make sauces as it helps to thicken them.

Price

Mazafati dates have an average price of 500-600 INR per kg in India and 8-9 USD per pound in the USA.

Where to Buy?

You can buy mazafati dates online on the below websites.

India:

Alphonsomango

Wonderlandfoods

Amazon

USA:

Kalamala

Basketbulk

Koolleh

Final Thoughts:

In conclusion, many people in the Middle East and elsewhere in the world place a high cultural, religious, and even nutritional value on Mozafati dates. They are a healthy snack that offers a variety of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. When taken in moderation, they provide a healthy source of energy and may complement any diet.

Kimia dates are also quite similar to Mazafati dates in terms of size and texture. Kabkab dates also appear similar to Mazafati khajoor, but with tougher skin.

Mazafati khajoor’s taste may remind you of the Medjool dates due to its caramel-like flavour though both of these dates differ significantly in terms of appearance and size.

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